The Most Neutral place in the world



BNZ Stories

BNZ Stories

Every 10 km,

a special Panmunjom on the Korean Border

The Korean Blue Neutralized Zone

The Blue Neutralized Zone (BNZ) consists of 25 Panmunjom pavilions that are multiple fictional architectures based on the possibility of creating programs for both Korean and foreign tourists. Along the approximately 250 km-long border line, 25 different Panmunjom pavilions basically indicate the location of every 10 km and provide various facilities. These pavilions symbolize, describe, represent, borrow, copy or transform the meaningful symbols of the two Koreas. As a result of their division over the last half a century, both Koreas’ cultures and lifestyles have changed and they now look very different. However, in the meantime, the two Koreas still have many things in common due to them having the same long historical base. In this context, the pavilions show both the contrasts and the similarities of the two Koreas’ cultures. In addition, some pavilions are intended to introduce interesting elements of the two Koreas to the world.


Blue was a good medium to unify different components and contents as a one big zone. Blue is the color of the original Panmunjom, and is internationally recognized as the color of peace, for example, it is the color of the United Nations. Furthermore, to participate in the 2000 Olympics, South and North Korea marched together behind a blue unification flag; blue was the color chosen as it was a compromise between green (for South Korea) and red (for North Korea). Blue could be considered as the symbol of ‘neutral and peace’ in this zone. Therefore, using blue in this zone gives the sense of a positive and optimistic future.